ISO/IEC specifies the dimensions and locations for each of the contacts on an integrated circuit card of an ID-1 card type. It also provides. ISO describes the physical characteristics of smart chip cards. It includes accommodation of exposure limits for electromagnetic phenomena such as. ISO is one of most important standards in the smart card industry. Parts of ISO specify physical characteristics, dimensions and location of the.
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Early applications of Smart Cards emanated in France where the Transac magnetic stripes were more central on the card than that eventually defined by ISO Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Many observers have commented 78116-2 the widespread use of Smart Cards is being impeded by the lack of standards. Created inupdated inamended inupdated in As we have already observed the serial communication is operated by the use of a single chip connector, where the direction of data transmission has to change depending on whether the IC card or interface is transmitting data.
This device often consists of a movable carriage uso positions the card under the connector head while applying the necessary wiping and pressure action. Physical characteristics of a card includes: Newer chip fabrication technologies are moving sub micron, 0.
The former frequency is the more widely used being based on the NTSC colour sub carrier frequency and results in a clock divider of in order to produce a bit per second not exact but within tolerance serial communication speed.
The 7816 Standard
Unfortunately the French chip position overlaps the ISO magnetic stripe isi. Electronic signals and answer to reset for synchronous cards”. Further problems arose in deciding on which face of the card the connector should be located. The transmission characteristics operated by most microprocessor IC cards are based on an asynchronous half duplex mode of operation.
These chips may operate with a supply voltage of 3volts which results in lower current consumption. The problems of interoperability start at the bottom, in other words with the physical dimensions of the card and the location of the contacts. The sequence of operations for activating and deactivating the IC is defined in order to minimise the likelihood of damage to the IC. The IC module in a Smart Card is like any other electronic component and is not normally expected to be hit with a hammer at regular intervals.
It should be noted that the thickness dimension does not include any allowance for embossing. Identification of persons using biometric methods is outside the scope of this standard.
Retrieved from ” https: The test voltage is defined to be 1. The biggest hole in the current standards work is the lack of agreement in the security 78162 which one might argue is fundamental to the application platform. Interoperability is of course the name of the game and is the primary purpose of standards.
Return to page 1. These standards are well established so are the more important characteristics of a Smart Card which form the basis of the existing and emerging standards.
There have been problems in the past with isp supplying the wrong programming voltage with somewhat drastic effects. Cards with iao — Physical characteristics”. According to its abstract, it specifies interindustry commands for integrated circuit cards either with contacts or without contacts that may be used for cryptographic operations.
Cards with contacts — Dimensions and location of the contacts”. This part specifies commands for application management in a multi-application environment. Commands and mechanisms for security operations”.
ISO Identification cards – Financial transaction cards Your email address will not be published.
It has to be said that this part of the standard could be improved and there is currently some work taking place in ISO on this very subject.
This signal is designed to provide the high voltage required to enable writing to the non volatile memory. The ISO standard includes specifications for the commands for card management. This is an additional characteristic to the magnetic field sensor which operates off the magnetic stripe and is used to open a mechanical gate on devices such as ATMs where some vandal proofing techniques are required. The standard defines the situation after reset whilst allowing the frequency to be selectively changed by means of protocol type selection.
The choice and conditions of use of cryptographic mechanisms may affect card exportability. While this is iiso one way of comparing cards fabricated by different companies, whether it bears any relationship to the use of IC cards in the field seems debatable. We might like to conjecture on which 7816–2 the better position for the chip in terms of mechanical stress but perhaps we should just settle for agreement.
The bending properties are tested by deflecting the card on each axis as shown in figure 6.